LSD spikes in cows, Maharashtra races to get herd immunity

Times of India | 2 weeks ago | 23-09-2022 | 11:02 am

LSD spikes in cows, Maharashtra races to get herd immunity

NAGPUR: It’s a race between rising cases of lumpy skin disease (LSD) and vaccination by the state’s animal husbandry department. The number of infected cattle went up by 3,200 in a day touching 16,639 as on Thursday. At the same time, free vaccination was carried out on 4.45 lakh cattle throughout the state, covering 27.76 lakh cows so far. Earlier vaccination was carried out only on cattle within 5 km radius of the place where an infection was detected. The state government has now approved clean vaccination in areas under every veterinary institute in the state. This means there will be blanket vaccination of the cows. The total population of cows alone in the state is estimated to be at 1.39 crore. With permission to go-ahead with vaccination in non-infected areas too, the department hopes to vaccinate 10 lakh cattle daily in the next 3 to 4 days. “At this rate, most of the population is expected to be covered by the month’s end,” said the state’s commissioner (animal husbandry) Sachindra Pratap Singh. “We are chasing full vaccination target. However, even if 75% of the population is covered, it would be enough to create herd immunity. Fresh infections would be curbed as antibodies develop in the cattle,” he said. The order for clean vaccination was issued on Wednesday. Gaushalas, large dairies and shelters where stray animals are kept would also be covered. Dr Anil Bhikaney, an expert from Maharashtra Animal and Fisheries Sciences University (Mafsu), said that the next 15 days would be crucial. “After vaccination immunity starts developing by seventh day and is further strengthened by 15 days. By 21 days complete immunity which lasts till a year is developed. Till then some cases are expected to be reported, but also touch a low by October 15,” he said.

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